The medical care alternatives for alcohol abuse is based on the length of your drinking and if you are attempting to cut down (moderation) or completely stop drinking (abstinence).
Brief intervention is a little supporting session that can be proposed to you if you are concerned about your drinking or have experienced an accident or injury that can be blamed on alcohol.
Some of the issues that are addressed during these brief interventions include risks of your style of drinking, how you can reduce the amount you drink, how you can get support and emotional problems that may be behind your drinking and these interventions usually last for between 5 and 10 minutes.
Having a "drinking diary" might be suggested so you can write down and have an evidence of the amount of alcohol you consume per week. You may also receive advice and some tips about social drinking, which would include alternating soft drinks with alcoholic beverages when you are out with your friends.
The advantages of quitting alcohol consumption completely will be great on your body. Moderation is, however, a goal which is realistic or at least in the initial stages the first step which you can take on your way for the abstinence.
If you have tried moderation in the past and failed, you will be advised to go for abstinence
Other counselling sessions will be recommended for those who opt for moderation, in order to examine their progress and to give extra medication and guidance if necessary.
Furthermore, you might pass through daily blood tests in order to assure the health of your liver.
You should better look for medical guidance to deal with your removal if your life is dependent on alcohol.
To help them abstain, some people may need medication. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that you may start or as alternatives you may go for lengthy support, or go to self-help meetings.
Your alcohol dependency level will inform the place and method for your detoxification. Withdrawal symptoms are seldom severe where the dependence is low and thus the detoxification can be done at home with no need for medication.
Home detoxification may also be enough for you if you have a high alcohol consumption level that is above 20 units per day, but only with drugs that can reduce the withdrawal symptoms. A sedative known as chlordiazepoxide is frequently used for this aim.
You may have to look for a hospital or centre to detox if your addiction is strong. Severe dependency will require expert treatment since the withdrawal symptoms are likely to be severe to.
During the first 2 days, your withdrawal symptoms are likely to be at their most acute. Once your body starts to get used to not having alcohol, these symptoms should slowly ease. From your last glass it lasts from three to about seven days.
This will also affect your sleep. It will include finding it very difficult to sleep or having several short sleeping sessions at night. You should be prepared to expect these problems for the understanding that your sleep pattern will return to normal within a month.
You should consume around three litres of liquids per day during detox. To avoid increased anxiety, and doing more damage to your sleeping pattern, you have to desist from drinks like coffee, tea and others that contain caffeine. Some of good options are water, squash or fruit juice.
Additionally, strive to consume daily meals, even if you aren't feeling hungry. Overtime, your appetite will improve.
If you are advised to take any medications for easing out your withdrawal symptoms, you should avoid driving and operating heavy machinery. A drowsy feeling will most likely arise due to the medications. Follow the instructions you were given by the doctor for the medication.
You may feel a lot of stress during the detoxification period. Reading, music, walking, or bathing are means to get rid of stress. Find out as much as you can about how you can manage your stress.
You will frequently meet a nurse or another healthcare specialist if you are detoxing at your place. This may mean going to your doctor, an NHS specialist or being visited at home by a treatment expert. You will also be provided with the relevant contact details for other support services if you find a requirement for additional support.
Withdrawal from alcohol is essential and is the first step in overcoming your problems, which are alcohol-related. But withdrawal alone is not a result oriented treatment. You will find it necessary to receive further treatment and support, which will be needed to assist you during the long-term.
A variety of medications have been recommended by The National Institute For Health Care Excellence [NICE] for the treatment of alcohol misuse.
These substances are described below.
Acamprosate [brand-name Campral] is commonly used to help prevent a relapse, especially in people who have successively managed to abstain from alcohol. It is frequently used mixed with counselling to decrese the strong desires for alcohol.
The amount of a brain chemical called gamma-amino-butyric-acid or GABA is what is affected by this medication. The belief is that the urge to drink alcohol is increased GABA.
If you have been prescribed acamprosate you will notice that the course will start immediately as you begin withdrawing from alcohol and can last over a period of six months.
Disulfiram (brand name Antabuse) may be used in case you are willing to accomplish abstinence, however you are worried about the relapse or in case you have experienced past relapses. Disulfiram stops you from consuming alcohol by provoking uncomfortable physical responses in case you drink.
Additionally, it is essential to prevent all source of alcohol since they could cause uncomfortable responses.
You should also be looking forward to avoiding any substances, which can give off alcoholic fumes like paint thinners and solvents.
You will carry on passing through uncomfortable responses in case you get in contact with alcohol for a week later you stop taking disulfiram, so it is essential to keep your abstinence over this period.
Once you are taking disulfiram, you will be examined by your healthcare group about once every two weeks for the initial two months, and then each month for the following four months.
When trying to avoid a relapse or trying to reduce a person's alcohol intake, Naltrexone can be used.
Naltrexone functions by blocking opioid receptors within the body thereby stopping the effects of alcohol. The popular method is to combine this with other medications or with counselling.
In case naltrexone is suggested, you should understand that it also blocks painkillers which have opioids working, such as morphine and codeine.
If you are not comfortable when taking this medication you are advised to stop taking it immediately and seek advice from your GP or the health care team.
Naltrexone can be prescribed for up to six months or longer if necessary.
Previously being prescribed any of these medicines, you will have a complete medical evaluation, such as blood tests.
Nalmefene (brand name Selincro) can be used in order to avoid a relapse or limit the quantity of alcohol an individual consumes.
It can work by blocking the opioid receptors within the brain which can reduce the cravings for alcohol.
Unless you're getting the support you need to drink less and receive treatment, you shouldn't take Nalmefene.
A lot of individuals that experience alcohol dependency issues find it helpful to visit self-help groups like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
Primary among the beliefs of AA is that alcohol dependence is a long-term progressive illness which just has a single solution in the form of total abstinence.
The plan in the treatment which is promoted by Alcoholics Anonymous is based on a 12-step program which can help you to overcome your addiction.
Part of these are recognising that you have no control over booze and your life has fallen apart, acknowledging that you've done bad and whenever possible, make it up to the people you've hurt.
Study the Alcoholics Anonymous and alcohol support's 12 steps.
Twelve-step facilitation therapy is designed around the AA's programme. Rather than carrying out the therapy in a group setting, you'll be going through them in private with your counsellor.
The therapy can be your favourite treatment choice in case you feel uncomfortable to talk over your issues in a group.
Cognitive-Behavioural therapy which is also known as CBT is a therapy of discussions, which utilises the approach of problem-solving to alcohol dependence.
Your CBT therapist will give you information about how you can avoid certain triggers and effectively to cope with conditions that cannot be avoided.
Alcohol dependence will not just have an impact upon an individual because it can also affect the entire family.
The family members of a person with an alcohol abuse problem also need support. Living with an individual that abuses alcohol may be nerve-racking, so getting assistance may frequently be very useful.
There is an amount of professionals alcohol services that give support and assistance for the family members and friends of the ones with alcohol dependence.
You may need a drink diary in case you're trying to lower or moderate your alcohol intake.
With this, you will learn the volume you consume, the conditions that impact your drinking and how to lower the volume.