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Indications

Symptoms And Signs Of Dependency

A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.

Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)


Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.

Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:

  • It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
  • The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes, the user might have GI symptoms, like constipation or diarrhoea. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
  • Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
  • Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
  • Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
  • Dealing with problems - they always have the belief that they cannot handle their issues without drugs.
  • Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
  • Secrecy and solitude - often, addicts will take their substance alone and in secret.
  • Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
  • Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
  • Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
  • Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
  • Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
  • Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
  • Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.

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A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.