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Medication For Addiction Treatment

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.


Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing

The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This is known as the detoxification time. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.

Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. The intensity of withdrawal symptoms differs according to the history of drug abuse. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.


The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. Some of these are:

  • Stress
  • Gloominess
  • Sickness or feeling sick
  • Fits
  • Body pains
  • Sweating

There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
  • Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
  • Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
  • This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
  • Antidepressants
  • Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.

People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. The fact is there are always some difficulties associated with drug withdrawal but every withdrawal is not so deadly. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.

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Alcohol Addiction Medications

Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.


Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
  • In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
  • Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
  • It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
  • Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
  • The craving for alcohol is reduced by Acamprosate since it holds back feelings such as depression and anxiousness.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
  • Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
  • To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.

Get more information about medical help for alcohol addiction.


Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines

Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.

Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Long-term withdrawal symptoms may also be experienced by others. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
  • Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
  • Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
  • It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
  • Get further information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • It helps to reduce cravings.
  • The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.

Centres For Medical Detox And Rehab

A few people detox all alone. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. You can become sober once again through medical detox in relaxed surroundings. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.

Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.

Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. Doctors assist alleviate any pain the patient can be passing through. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.

Inpatient rehab often includes detox. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.

Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 246 1509.